EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION OF STRIPTILL SOIL PROCESSING TECNOLOGY

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Abstract


This study explores the technology of chilling from the point of view of anthropogenic impact on soil. The influence of the arrangement of workers on technological rocessing is analyzed. The efficiency of resource-saving deep cultivation technology in production of row crops on example of sunflower growing in Volgograd region is estimated. We give technical and economic assessment of sunflower cultivation depending on the technological process of chilling. We defined a competitive technology of basic soil cultivation. Analysis of data obtained shows that the largest area of cross-section of the formation is produced when soil is treated with chisel tools as working organs are arranged such that they form a zone of continuous loosening, accordingly, it has the greatest anthropogenic impact. Field experiments also showed that deep loosening belts to a depth of 0.25...0.35 m, alternating with strips without treatment, are characterized by positive processes. Unprocessed areas become overcrowded (more than 1.3 g/cm3), so they create less favorable, in comparison with processed, conditions for the development of some species of perennial weeds. Studies have shown that, with the main soil-free tillage of the soil to a depth of 0.3 m, from the stubble of winter wheat, stubble conservation was consistent: 69.67% - over the treated band using striptill technology; 76.33% - on the processed strip by a chisel with a trail of 0.7 m; 68.67% for a chisel with a trail of 0.35 m. After the passage of the aggregates on the soil surface, all stubble remains within the requirements for SRT AIST 4.6-2010 (more than 60%). The use of striptill technology reduces fuel costs by 35.5% relative to the classical chiesel, and by 27.3% relative to the minimum technology. Accordingly, the cost of wages is reduced by 37.5% compared to the classical chisel and by 24.8% compared to the minimum chisel technology.

About the authors

Ivan Borisovich Borisenko

Volgograd State Agricultural University; Caspian Research Institute of Arid Agriculture

Author for correspondence.
Email: borisenivan@yandex.ru
Universitetskiy pr., 26, Volgograd, 400002, Russian Federation
Doctor of Engineering Science, senior researcher, professor of Volgograd State Agricultural University

Omariy Georgievich Chamurliev

Volgograd State Agricultural University

Email: attika.ge@yandex.ru
Universitetskiy pr., 26, Volgograd, 400002, Russian Federation; Severny district, v. Solenoe Zaimische, Chernoyarsky district, Astrakhan region, 416251, Russian Federation
Doctor of Agricultural Science, Volgograd State Agricultural University

Georgiy Omarievich Chamurliev

Scientific Research Institute of Design Vid Project

Email: giorgostsamourlidis@mail.ru
Olimpiyskay str., 1/2, Vidnoe, 142701, Russian Federation
Candidate of Agricultural Science, Scientific Research Institute of Design «Vid Project»

Maria Viktorovna Meznikova

Volgograd State Agricultural University

Email: marina_roxette@mail.ru
Universitetskiy pr., 26, Volgograd, 400002, Russian Federation
Senior Lecturer of Volgograd State Agricultural University

References

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  2. Patent RUS № 1544634/27.08.15. Byul. № 24. Borisenko IB, Borisenko PI, Pleskachev YN, et al. Plug-rykhlitel' [Ripper plow]. (In Russ).
  3. Patent RUS № 2544950/20.03.15. Byul. № 8. Borisenko IB, Pleskachev YN, Sokolova MV. Orudie dlya reguliruemoi polosnoi glubokoi obrabotki pochvy [Instrument for controlled strip deep cultivation]. (In Russ).
  4. GOST (Russian State Standard) R 52778 - 2007 Testirovanie sel'skokho-zyaistvennoi tekhniki. Metody operativnoi i tekhnologicheskoi otsenki [Testing of agricultural machinery. Methods of operational and technological evaluation]. Moscow: Standartinform Publ.; 2008. (In Russ).
  5. Kurmanbaev SK, Dzhamanova GI. Ekologicheskie osnovy organizatsii zashchity rastenii: uchebnik dlya magistrov sel'skokhozyaistvennykh vuzov [Ecological foundations of plant protection: a textbook for undergraduates of agricultural universities]. Semei Publ.; 2016. 205 p. (In Russ).
  6. Ovchinnikov AS, Pleskachev YN., Borisenko IB, Tseplyaev AN. Registr tekhnologii proizvodstva zernovykh, zernobobovykh, krupyanykh i maslichnykh kul'tur v Volgogradskoi oblasti [Register of technologies for production of ce-reals, legumes and oilseeds in Volgograd region]. Volgograd: Volgogradskii GAU Publ.; 2012. 148 p. (In Russ).

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Copyright (c) 2018 Borisenko I.B., Chamurliev O.G., Chamurliev G.O., Meznikova M.V.

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