WATER-SAVING IRRIGATION REGIMES FOR VEGETABLE CROP PRODUCTION UNDER CONDITIONS OF VOLGA-DON INTERFLUVE

Cover Page

Abstract


Soils of the southern region of Chad are developed on wind-drawn sand and colluvio-alluvium deposits of two main rivers Logone and Chari. This region of Chad is principal agricultural zone of Chad. Evaluation of physical and chemical properties of sandy soils and their fertility in this region revealed that some soils have very high content of strontium. With aim to locate areas with high content of srontium in soil, and to study its dependence on physical properties of soil and translocation of strontium in soil profile nine pedons were dug on different fields intensively used for agricultural production. Using X-ray spectrometric analysis and radiometric measuring of soil samples it has been revealed that Sr content in soil samples varies from 10 to 270 mg/kg of soil depending on type of soil, depth of soil layers, clay and organic content. Strontium content negatively correlates with total content of calcium and phosphorus in layers of soil. Low CEC of soil may be a reason of translocation of strontium from higher to lower layers of soils. Strontium content in soils do not relates with level of radioactivity of soils under study. The highest content of strontium has been found in soils developed on colluvio-alluviumdeposits. Very wide Ca/St ratioin soil samples of alluvial hydromorphic soils may cause increase of Sr content in vegetable food and drinking water. This may be one of etiological factors which directly or indirectly may cause misbalance in mineral nutrition and severe diseases of a man. It worth of considering necessity of further studies of Sr dynamic in soils under different crop production systems and how to mitigate negative effect of natural pollution of soils with this element.

About the authors

Victor Dmitrievich Nagornyy

Scientific Research Institute of Design “Vid Project”

Author for correspondence.
Email: nagvic@yandex.ru
1/2, Vidnoe, 142701, Russian Federation
Doctor of Agricultural Science, professor, Scientific Research Institute of Design “Vid Project”

Koi Kamssou

Scientific Research Institute of Design “Vid Project”

Email: kamssou85@gmail.com
1/2, Vidnoe, 142701, Russian Federation
associated Scientific Research Institute of Design “Vid Project”

Marina Ustimovna Lyashko

Scientific Research Institute of Design “Vid Project”

Email: lyashko.mar@yandex.ru
1/2, Vidnoe, 142701, Russian Federation
Candidate of Biological Science Scientific Research Institute of Design “Vid Project”

References

  1. Khaleghpanah A.N., Roozitalab B.M.H., Majdabadi A.A., Mirkhani A.R. The adsorption of Strontium on soils developed in arid region as influenced by clay content and soluble cations. In: 19th World Congress of Soil Science. 2010.
  2. Klikh L.V., Tupitskaya O.N., Kurbatova I.N. Methods of reducing Strontium accumulation in animals. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology. 2013;9(3):150-162. (In Ukr).
  3. Litvinovich A.V., Lavrishchev A.V. Strontium in the system: fertilizers (meliorants)-soils-water-plants-animals (humans). Eurasian Soil Science. 2008;(5):73-86. (In Russ).
  4. Nagornyy V.D. Soil and Plant Analysis. Moscow: RUDN Publ., 2013. 140 p. Henning A. Rus. Ed.: Mineral'nye veshchestva, vitaminy, biostimulyatory v kormlenii sel'skokhozyaistvennykh zhivotnykh [Mineral substances, vitamins and biopromoters in animal nutrition]. Moscow: Koloss Publ.; 1976. 559 p. (In Russ).
  5. Petrenko V.M. Vliyanie proizvodstva fosfornykh udobrenii na soderzhanie strontsiya v landshaftakh [Influence of phosphate fertilizers on strontium content in landscape]. [Dissertation]. 2008. 158 p. (in Russ).
  6. Fomichev Y.P. Some aspects of ecologically-safe production of animal products and environmental protection. Agrarian Russia. 2000;(5):5-11. (In Russ).
  7. Henning A. Rus. Ed.: Mineral'nye veshchestva, vitaminy, biostimulyatory v kormlenii sel'skokhozyaistvennykh zhivotnykh [Mineral substances, vitamins and biopromoters in animal nutrition]. Moscow: Koloss Publ.; 1976. 559 p. (In Russ).
  8. Kowalsky V.V., Zasorina E.F. To biochemistry of strontium. Eurasian Soil Science. 1965;(4): 78-88. (In Russ).
  9. Bowen H.J.M., Dymond J.A. Strontium and barium in plants and soils. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 1955;916(144):355-368.
  10. Kowalsky V.V. Trudy Biogeokhimicheskoi laboratorii. Strontsievo-kal'tsievye subregiony biosfery i biogeokhimicheskie provintsii [Works of Biochemical Laboratory. Sr-Ca subregions of biosphere and biogeochemical provinces]. Moscow: Nauka Publ., 1978. 122 p. (in Russ).
  11. Seeprasert P., Yoneda M., Shimada Y. The Influence of Soil Fungi on Sorption of Cesium and Strontium in Soil Organic Layer. Intern. Journal of Environmental Science and Development. 2016;7(6):415-419.
  12. Voschenko A.V., Chugaev V.N., Ustinova E.E. Mikroelementy v biologii i ikh primenenie v sel'skom khozyaistve i meditsine [Microelements in biology and its use in crop production and medicine]. Samarkand; 1990. p.428-429 (in Russ).
  13. Voschenko A.V., Smekalov V.P. Urovskaya (Kashina-Beka) bolezn'. In: Malaya entsiklopediya Zabaikal'ya: Zdravookhranenie i meditsina. Novosibirsk: Nauka Publ.; 2001. 630 p. (in Russ).
  14. Britton K., Grimes V., Niven L., Steele T.E., McPherron S., Soressi M., Richards M.P. Strontium isotope evidence for migration in late Pleistocene Rangifer: Implications for Neanderthal hunting strategies at the Middle Palaeolithic site of Jonzac, France. Journal of Human Evolution. 2011;61(2):176-185.
  15. Khudyaev S.A. Strontsii v komponentakh landshaftov yuga Ob'-Irtyshskogo mezhdurech'ya [Strontium content in landscapes of Obb-Irtysh region]. [Dissertation], Novosibirsk; 2008. 130 p. (In Russ).
  16. Prokhorov V.M., Frid A.S. Influence of humus on speed of Srtrontium (90Sr) diffusion in quarts sand. Eurasian Soil Science. 1966;(3):67-70 (in Russ).
  17. Twining J., Shotton P., Tagami K., Payne T., Itakura T., Russell R., Wong H. Transfer of radioactive cesium, strontium and zinc from soil to sorghum and mung beans under field conditions in tropical Northern Australia. Classification of soil systems on the basis of transfer factors of radionuclides from soil to reference plants. 2006. P. 21.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 773

PDF (English) - 322

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2018 Nagornyy V.D., Kamssou K., Lyashko M.U.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies