No 4 (2010)

Articles
Formation of cooperative sugar market model on Krasnodar territory template
Popov N.A., Popova E.N., Popova T.N., N'goran Koffi Celestin -.
Abstract
In the article problems of Russian sugar market development are raised, situation in largest in Russia region on fabric sugar beet production - Krasnodar Territory is examined. Strong and weak sides of the processes arising in this sphere are marked. Directions for development through formation of cooperative model on the sugar market, providing parity and equivalence of exchange on the whole processing chain from production of seeds and sugar beet, processing till purchase by consumers are offered.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2010;(4):5-15
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System approach to estimation of soils
Savich K.V., Vukolov N.G.
Abstract
Authors offer the system approach to an estimation of the soils with consideration at different hierarchical level value of soils, fields, farms depending on the purposes of their use and level of intensification of manufacture. Value of the soils is estimated on their bioproductivity, the income on 1 rouble of expenses, expenses for achievement of models of fertility of soils, an optimal condition of fields. The expediency of calculation of value of the soils taking into account weight of influence of the factors defining the price and degrees of their optimality for given soil-climatic and economic conditions is shown.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2010;(4):16-26
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Zemel'naya reforma v Kitae
Makarova E.P., Zhu Qing Yan -.
Abstract
The article presents analysis of land reforms in China. The country possessing 1/15 of world arable land should feed 1/5 of world population. Due to the growth of food lack it is necessary to use land reserses rationally. Special role played the land issue in China. The land was given to peasant family. In Chinese agro-industrial complex was made change to diversification system that has different property forms with dominant public property. Authors also analyze the country's experience in cooperation as the fact of concentration of land and other means of production and last reform in agriculture.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2010;(4):27-34
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Formation of water-salt regime of soils under long-term irrigation of municipal wastewater in Egypt
Goma Bothina Saad -., Thernuha N.I., Shuravilin A.V., Elsayed Said Mohamed -.
Abstract
The water and salt regimes of alluvial soils of lacustrine origin, and gray-brown desert soil, located in the northern part of Egypt. We consider the soil moisture regime and its formation during irrigation wastewater. Established irrigation norm for the cultivation of maize for green fodder. The processes of salinization of alluvial soils and gray-brown desert soil proved that long-term wastewater irrigation enhances the processes of colonization and saline soils when irrigated with river and groundwater into being the medium of saline.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2010;(4):35-42
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The efficiency of ridge cultivation technology agricultural crops under drip irrigation
Shuravilin A.V., Krupnov V.A., Borodychev V.V., Lytova M.N., Dugin I.V.
Abstract
The resume: it is offered to use a part of an arable layer of row-spacings for formation of crests in a region of growth and diffusions of an assemblage of rootlets of agricultural crops. Effective utilisation conditions crests technologies of cultivation of agricultural crops are defined at a drop irrigation.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2010;(4):43-48
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Cultivation of saprophytic fungus Trichoderma and biosynthesis of L-lysine-α-oxidase
Shneyder Y.A., Homik A.S., Kishmahova L.M., Smirnova I.P., Shevchenko A.A.
Abstract
Studies on the growth of the fungus Trichoderma and biosynthesis of L-lysine-α-oxidase enzyme were carried out with surface and deep methods of cultivation. Factors which control the activity of Trichoderma's metabolite L-lysine-α-oxidase were determined: relationship between enzyme's biosynthesis and the fungus sporulation; number of inoculum, aeration; initial pH value of fermentation medium; number of sources of carbon and nitrogen, degree of their assimilation. The possibility of secondary use of substrate for production of enzyme in vitro was indicated.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2010;(4):49-55
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Etiological factor, clinical and morphological manifestation of chlamydiosis in pig farms
Anufriev P.A., Parshin P.A., Suleymanov S.M., Parshina V.I.
Abstract
We studied etiological factors and clinical-morphological expression of chlamydia in pig farms. The disease was observed in the farms, regardless of the season, but more often in winter-spring period. Upon initial appearance of the disease in farms with single sows gestating in recent weeks registered abortions. In pigs-sosunov chlamydia proceeded against the defeat of the respiratory, digestive organs.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2010;(4):56-60
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Diagnosing contamination degree varra and nosematosis apis economy of Republic Marias El and preventive actions carried out on an apiary
Makarov S.G., Porfirev I.A., Sotnikova E.D.
Abstract
Apis economy of Republic of Marias El unsuccessful were on varra and nosematosis. From these illnesses ahis economy of Republic of Marias El had heavy losses (a withdrawal of bees). In communication by it us are carried out complex veterinarno-sanitary and zootechnical preventive action in unsuccessful on varra and nosematosis economy. Now as a result of spent improving actions unsuccessful apis an economy make on varra 8,3%, nosematosis 5,9%. In comparison with 1989 on varra 64% anh nosematosis 24%.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2010;(4):61-68
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The growth of muscles in rams of the romanovsky breed and mixed breed of the Romanovsky and the Romny-March
Nikitchenko D.V., Nikitchenko V.E., Beidemariam Patrik Eiassy -.
Abstract
A study of the growth of tissues and anatomical groups of muscules was carried out in comparison of 3-, 7- and 9-month aged rams of the romanovsky breed and mixed breed of the romanovsky and the romny-march breeds. It was established, that absolute weight of 9-month the romanovsky breed rams is less than their peers of mixed breed on 5,2%, the carcass weight - on 4,80%, the muscle weight - on 10,41%. The influence of mixing on level of muscles wasn't detected. In post natal development of the muscles functional requirements have relatively bigger influence, than little difference in heredity (breed). The muscle growth strictly goes by genetic sequence in dependence of functional needs.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2010;(4):69-75
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Our authors
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2010;(4):76-78
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