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This study explores the technology of chilling from the point of view of anthropogenic impact on soil. The influence of the arrangement of workers on technological rocessing is analyzed. The efficiency of resource-saving deep cultivation technology in production of row crops on example of sunflower growing in Volgograd region is estimated. We give technical and economic assessment of sunflower cultivation depending on the technological process of chilling. We defined a competitive technology of basic soil cultivation. Analysis of data obtained shows that the largest area of cross-section of the formation is produced when soil is treated with chisel tools as working organs are arranged such that they form a zone of continuous loosening, accordingly, it has the greatest anthropogenic impact. Field experiments also showed that deep loosening belts to a depth of 0.25...0.35 m, alternating with strips without treatment, are characterized by positive processes. Unprocessed areas become overcrowded (more than 1.3 g/cm3), so they create less favorable, in comparison with processed, conditions for the development of some species of perennial weeds. Studies have shown that, with the main soil-free tillage of the soil to a depth of 0.3 m, from the stubble of winter wheat, stubble conservation was consistent: 69.67% - over the treated band using striptill technology; 76.33% - on the processed strip by a chisel with a trail of 0.7 m; 68.67% for a chisel with a trail of 0.35 m. After the passage of the aggregates on the soil surface, all stubble remains within the requirements for SRT AIST 4.6-2010 (more than 60%). The use of striptill technology reduces fuel costs by 35.5% relative to the classical chiesel, and by 27.3% relative to the minimum technology. Accordingly, the cost of wages is reduced by 37.5% compared to the classical chisel and by 24.8% compared to the minimum chisel technology.

About the authors

Ivan Borisovich Borisenko

Volgograd State Agricultural University; Caspian Research Institute of Arid Agriculture

Author for correspondence.
Email: borisenivan@yandex.ru
Doctor of Engineering Science, senior researcher, professor of Volgograd State Agricultural University Universitetskiy pr., 26, Volgograd, 400002, Russian Federation

Omariy Georgievich Chamurliev

Volgograd State Agricultural University

Email: attika.ge@yandex.ru
Doctor of Agricultural Science, Volgograd State Agricultural University Universitetskiy pr., 26, Volgograd, 400002, Russian Federation; Severny district, v. Solenoe Zaimische, Chernoyarsky district, Astrakhan region, 416251, Russian Federation

Georgiy Omarievich Chamurliev

Scientific Research Institute of Design Vid Project

Email: giorgostsamourlidis@mail.ru
Candidate of Agricultural Science, Scientific Research Institute of Design «Vid Project» Olimpiyskay str., 1/2, Vidnoe, 142701, Russian Federation

Maria Viktorovna Meznikova

Volgograd State Agricultural University

Email: marina_roxette@mail.ru
Senior Lecturer of Volgograd State Agricultural University Universitetskiy pr., 26, Volgograd, 400002, Russian Federation


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Copyright (c) 2018 Borisenko I.B., Chamurliev O.G., Chamurliev G.O., Meznikova M.V.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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