Development and use of synanthropic phytocenoses with complex invasion in Kaluga region

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  • Authors: Burlutskiy V.A.1, Mazurov V.N.1, Osokin I.E.2, Peliy A.F.3, Semeshkina P.S.1, Borodina E.S.4, Gins M.S.5, Peliy A.F.4
  • Affiliations:
    1. Kaluga Research Institute of Agriculture
    2. Branch of Rosselkhozcenter on Tver Region
    3. Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)
    4. Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy
    5. Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Growing
  • Issue: Vol 14, No 2 (2019)
  • Pages: 114-122
  • Section: Crop production
  • URL: http://agrojournal.rudn.ru/agronomy/article/view/19489
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.22363/2312-797X-2019-14-2-114-122
  • Cite item

Abstract


Currently, less than 33% of arable land is used in Meshchovskoye Opolye. Optimizing technology elements of resource-saving development of synanthropic fallow phytocenoses with complex invasion is relevant. The article is devoted to analysis of development of self-organizing phytocenoses with varying invasion degrees and their use on lands temporarily withdrawn from active agricultural use. Field experiments were carried out on postagrogenic gray forest loamy soils in Kaluga Research Institute of Agriculture in 2006-2018. Influence of mineral fertilizers as an optimization element of technology of fallow development was studied using transects and permanent survey sites on the area of 12.0 ha. The reasons for change in productivity and its determining elements in hayfields in autogenous - allogenic phytocenoses were analysed. We established that economic value of plant communities was determined by potential of constituent species and variability of their productivity in years with various environmental conditions. 12 years later phytocenoses become homogeneous and consist of 10-12 main plant species, determining green mass productivity by 75%. Compared to native species invasive plant species have 1.4-2.0 fold higher productivity which accounts for 60% and more productivity of phytocenoses. Transforming role of Erigeron canadensis L., Lupinus polyphyllus Lindl. and Solidago gigantea Ait. on their expansion into aboriginal herb (share in mowed mass - 40% or more) communities was shown; their high adaptive potential for ecological-soil conditions of Meshchovskoye Opolye (center of Nonchernozem Zone of Russia) was established. Application of mineral fertilizers (P40K90) in the secondary Trifolium medium phytocenoses (more than 40%) contributed to 2.4-fold increase in its productivity (from 1.38 to 3.29 kg/m2) and increased productivity stability by 60%, reducing low-value species in crop structure by 1.6 times. The total area of cenopopulations increased by 10.4-21.5%, yields - from 2.31 to 4.41 kg/m2.


About the authors

Valeriy Anatolyevich Burlutskiy

Kaluga Research Institute of Agriculture

Author for correspondence.
Email: v.burlutsky@yandex.ru
Kaluga region, Russian Federation

Candidate of Sciences in Agriculture, Leading Researcher, Kaluga Research Institute of Agriculture

Vladimir Nikolaevich Mazurov

Kaluga Research Institute of Agriculture

Email: v.mazurov@kniish.org
Kaluga region, Russian Federation

Candidate of Sciences in Agriculture, Director of Kaluga Research Institute of Agriculture

Ivan Evgenievich Osokin

Branch of Rosselkhozcenter on Tver Region

Email: ivoc@yandex.ru
Tver, Russian Federation

Head of the Branch of Rosselkhozcenter on Tver Region

Aleksandr Fedorovich Peliy

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: kaluga-peliy@yandex.ru
Moscow, Russian Federation

Postgraduate student, Agrobiotechnological Department, Agrarian and Technological Institute

Polina Sergeevna Semeshkina

Kaluga Research Institute of Agriculture

Email: p.semeshkina@kniish.org
Kaluga region, Russian Federation

Candidate of Sciences in Agriculture, Deputy Director for Research, Kaluga Research Institute of Agriculture

Ekaterina Sergeevna Borodina

Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy

Email: ekaterinapeliy@yandex.ru
Moscow, Russian Federation

Postgraduate student, Department of Plant Growing and Meadow Ecosystems, Russian State Agrarian University

Murat Sabirovich Gins

Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Growing

Email: anirr@bk.ru
Moscow region, Russian Federation

Doctor of Sciences in Biology, Chief of the Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Biochemistry, Introduction and Functional Products, Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Growing

Aleksey Fedorovich Peliy

Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy

Email: kaluga-peliy@yandex.ru
Moscow, Russian Federation

Master student, Russian State Agrarian University

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Copyright (c) 2019 Burlutskiy V.A., Mazurov V.N., Osokin I.E., Peliy A.F., Semeshkina P.S., Borodina E.S., Gins M.S., Peliy A.F.

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