Identification of Ixodidae ticks from cattle imported into the South Kivu province, east of the Democratic Republic of Congo

Cover Page
  • Authors: Bisusa M.A.1, Bizire M.E.2, Muntuokuwindi B.D.3, Nijimbere G.4, Musimwa K.R.5, Kambale V.G.6
  • Affiliations:
    1. Lwiro Natural Sciences Research Centre (NSERC-LWRO)
    2. Interdisciplinary Centre for Continuing Education (Cidep)
    3. Lwiro fiftieth anniversary University (UNI-50)
    4. Kuban State Agrarian University
    5. National Institute for Agronomic Research (INERA)
    6. Catholic University of Graben (UCG)
  • Issue: Vol 15, No 3 (2020)
  • Pages: 308-317
  • Section: Veterinary science
  • URL: http://agrojournal.rudn.ru/agronomy/article/view/19589
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.22363/2312-797X-2020-15-3-308-317
  • Cite item

Abstract


A survey has been conducted in Bukavu on bovines imported in Democratic Republic of Congo from Rwanda to the public slaughterhouse of Bukavu, with the aim of identifying the Ixodidae ticks on their body. Thus, 1024 ticks have been collected on 300 cows for the entomological identification. Four species have been identified whose Boophilus decoloratus (44.4 %), Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (43.9 %), Amblyomma variegatum (11 %) and Ixodes thomasai (2 %). This last species being a new among those recognized in South Kivu. A charge to ticks of 6.5 has been observed at those bovines and the infestation rate has been significantly different in the 4 races, the Friesland (41.1 %) and Ankolé presented the superior values. The importation of cows in this part of the country from Rwanda is a real factor which conducts to the introduction of ticks and also diseases in Democratic Republic of Congo. Then being measures of heath control in the border must be sustained and reinforced for minimizing real risks.

About the authors

Muhimuzi Alphonse Bisusa

Lwiro Natural Sciences Research Centre (NSERC-LWRO)

Email: bisusamuhimuzi@gmail.com
D.S. Bukavu, Sud-Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo
Researcher in Environmental Sciences, Head of Veterinary Entomology Laboratory, Research Associate, Department of Biology

Marara Emmanuel Bizire

Interdisciplinary Centre for Continuing Education (Cidep)

Email: ebmara@gmail.com
Bukavu, South Kivu, 1550, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Assistant

Bujingo Donatien Muntuokuwindi

Lwiro fiftieth anniversary University (UNI-50)

Email: mb.donatien@gmail.com
D.S. Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Caring Agent of animals in community in Kabare territory, South Kivu

Gilbert Nijimbere

Kuban State Agrarian University

Email: gilbert.nijimbere@ub.edu.bi
Kuban State Agrarian University, 13 Kalinina st., Krasnodar, 350044, Russian Federation
PhD student, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture and Ecology

Kashamuka Roger Musimwa

National Institute for Agronomic Research (INERA)

Email: musimwakashamuka@gmail.com
D. S Bukavu, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Assistant

Vyambwera Guido-Charles Kambale

Catholic University of Graben (UCG)

Email: gkambale@gmail.com
B. P. 29 Butembo, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo
- MSc in Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

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Copyright (c) 2020 Bisusa M.A., Bizire M.E., Muntuokuwindi B.D., Nijimbere G., Musimwa K.R., Kambale V.G.

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