Combined pathologies of liver, kidneys and pancreas in domestic cats

Cover Page

Abstract


Various infectious and invasive diseases, as well as individual metabolic disorders caused by poisoning and non-infectious diseases lead to multiple organ pathologies. The pathogenesis of combined lesions in parenchymal organs is due to their anatomical and functional relationship. The aim of the research was to study the nosological forms of non-infectious diseases of liver, kidneys and pancreas in domestic cats, to establish the proportion of multiple organ pathologies and to compare their clinical indicators. The article presents the results of multiple organ pathologies spreading in domestic cats, describes the main nosological forms of diseases, their clinical picture, biochemical and ultrasound indicators. 234 animals of different sexes and different ages were studied in the experiment. Diseased animals were diagnosed based on the results of clinical, biochemical and ultrasound studies. Liver diseases were diagnosed in 18.3 % of cats, kidney - 16.3 %, pancreas - 11.5 % of cats. Multiple organ pathologies were established in 28.7 % of animals, including hepatonephritis in 16.7 %, hepatopancreatitis - 9.0 %, hepatopancreonephritis - 3.0 %. Among nosological forms of diseases in sick cats, hepatonephritis, chronic glomerulonephritis, chronic hepatitis, and fatty degeneration of liver were more common, and only in one case - cirrhosis.


About the authors

Viktor N. Denisenko

Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology

Author for correspondence.
Email: dvet@yandex.ru
23, Akademika Skryabina st., Moscow, 109472, Russian Federation

Doctor of Veterinary Sciences, Professor, Department of Disease Diagnostics, Therapy, Obstetrics and Animal Reproduction

Altomah M. Alabed

Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology

Email: tomamohammad88@gmail.com
23, Akademika Skryabina st., Moscow, 109472, Russian Federation

PhD student, Department of Disease Diagnostics, Therapy, Obstetrics and Animal Reproduction

Natalya M. Zueva

Tsentr Veterinary Clinic

Email: zueva@vetcentr.ru
11/1, Tsvetnoy Boulevard, Moscow, 127051, Russian Federation

Candidate of Biological Sciences, Veterinarian

References

  1. Kondrakhin IP, Levchenko VI. Diagnostika i terapiya vnutrennikh boleznei zhivotnykh [Diagnostics and therapy of internal diseases in animals]. Moscow: Akvarium publ.; 2007. (In Russ).
  2. Denisenko VN, Kesareva EA, Iskhakova OA. Concomitant lesions of the pancreas, liver and kidneys in cats. Veterinarnaya klinika. 2012; (1—2):16—20. (In Russ).
  3. Zharov A. V. Patologicheskaya anatomiya zhivotnykh [Pathological anatomy of animals]. SaintPetersburg: Lan’ publ.; 2013. (In Russ).
  4. Vatnikov YA, Kulikov EV, Kubatbekov TS, Kuznetsov VI, Sturov NV, Shirmanov VI, et al. Diagnosis of violations of microcirculation in the late recovery period after thrombosis of cerebral vessels. Prensa Medica Argentina. 2019; 105(1):1000335.
  5. Vatnikov YA, Mikolenko ON, Kulikov EV, Sotnikova ED, Kochneva MV, Parshina VI, et al. Structural changes in the urinary tract in triple phosphate urolithiasis in cats. Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research. 2018; 10(9):2332—2335.
  6. Penninck D, d’Anjou MA. (Eds.). Atlas of small animal ultrasonography. 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons; 2015.
  7. Warman S, Harvey A. Feline pancreatitis: current concepts and treatment guidelines. In Practice. 2007; 29(8):470—477.
  8. Binhong HU, Kulikov EV, Vatnikov YA, Kuznetsov VI, Sturov NV, Shirmanov VI, et al. Pathological changes in microcirculation in the early recovery period of ischemic stroke. Prensa Medica Argentina. 2019; 105:1. doi: 10.41720032—745X.1000332
  9. Denisenko VN, Kesareva EA, Sereda SV, Zueva NM, Bardyukova TV, Shabanov AM, et al. Diagnostika i lechenie boleznei pecheni u sobak i koshek [Diagnosis and treatment of diseases in dogs and cats]. Moscow: KolosS publ.; 2011. (In Russ).
  10. Edwards M. Feline cholangiohepatitis. Compendium. 2004; 26(11):855—861.
  11. Webb CB. Feline glomerular diseases. Feline Internal Medicine Secrets. 2001; 210—213. doi: 10.1016/ B978-1-56053-461-7.50047-4
  12. Chernigova SV, Chernigov YV, Vatnikov YA, Kulikov EV, Popova IA, Shirmanov VI, et al. Special aspects of systemic inflammation course in animals. Veterinary World. 2019; 12(7):932—937. doi: 10.14202/ vetworld.2019.932-937
  13. Feeney DA, Anderson KL, Ziegler LE, Jessen CR, Daubs BM, Hardy RM. Statisical relevance of ultrasongraphic criteria in the assessment of diffuse liver disease in dogs and cats. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 2008; 69(2):212—221. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.69.2.212
  14. Maruyama H, Kato N. Advances in ultrasound diagnosis in chronic liver diseases. Clin Mol Hepatol. 2019; 25(2):160—167. doi: 10.3350/cmh.2018.1013
  15. Ivanov VV. Klinicheskoe ul’trazvukovoe issledovanie organov bryushnoi i grudnoi polosti u sobak i koshek [Clinical ultrasound examination of the abdominal and thoracic organs in dogs and cats]. Moscow: Akvarium-print publ.; 2005. (In Russ).
  16. Okhlobystin AV. Antisecretory drugs for treatment of chronic pancreatitis. Clinical prospects of gastroenterology, hepatology. 2014; (3):13—20. (In Russ).
  17. Seleznev SB, Esina DI, Kulikov EV. The clinical morphology of a pancreas of dogs by ultrasonic diagnostics. RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014; (2):39—50. (In Russ). doi: 10.22363/2312797X-2014-2-39-50

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 563

PDF (Russian) - 164

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2020 Denisenko V.N., Alabed A.M., Zueva N.M.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies