Cover Page

Cite item


Rice plays an important role in the modern diet of Russian people. It occupies a leading position in area, yield, and gross grain harvest among all cereal crops. The aim of the research is development of optimal irrigation regimes that ensure rational use of water resources in southern agricultural zone of Amur Region. Setting and conducting field and laboratory experiments, system approaches and modern research methods were used. The article presents the results of studies on rice cultivation under different irrigation regimes. In the southern zone of Amur Region, along with water regimes of 70, 80, 90% of FMC, differentiated rice irrigation regimes were studied, combining differentiation of presumed humidity thresholds and wetting depth of active soil layer 75...85% of FMC (0.4 and 0.6 m); 80% of FMC (0.4 and 0.6 m). In addition, various flooding regimes of rice field (short and intermittent flooding), seeding rates, timing of sowing, rice cultivars were studied. Obtaining a rice grain yield of more than 4 tons per hectare is ensured by application of mineral fertilizers in the dose of N120P30K30 and seeding rate of 5 million seeds. Optimum seeding time was set from 20 to 25 May. Based on the results of the research, irrigation water was saved, as well as yield increased by optimizing irrigation rice regimes using sprinkling by differentiating presumed moisture thresholds and wetting depth. When rice was cultivated under flooding system of irrigation, it was established that regime of shortened flooding turned to be optimal. When sprinkling in conditions of southern agricultural zone of Amur Region, differential irrigation regime of 75...85% of FMC in active soil layer was 0.4 and 0.6 m.

About the authors

Evgeny Pavlovich Borovoy

Volgograd State Agricultural University

Author for correspondence.
Email: borovoy.e.p@mail.ru
Doctor of Agricultural Science, Professor, Head of the Department of Land Reclamation of Volgograd State Agricultural University Universitetskiy pr., 26, Volgograd, 400002, Russian Federation

Marina Vasilievna Makannikova

Far East State Agrarian University

Email: giz@dalgau.ru
Candidate of Agricultural Science, Associate Professor of Far East State Agrarian University Kuznechnaya str., 95, Blagovetschensk, 675000, Russian Federation

Larisa Alexandrovna Lapshakova

Far East State Agrarian University

Email: giz@dalgau.ru
Candidate of Engineering Science, Associate Professor of Far East State Agrarian University Kuznechnaya str., 95, Blagovetschensk, 675000, Russian Federation


  1. Krivolapov IE. Ris na Dal'nem Vostoke [Rice in the Far East]. Vladivostok: Dal'nevostochnoe Publ.; 1971. 315 p. (In Russ).
  2. Borodin IV. Vyzrevanie risa na Amure v zavisimosti ot sposobov poliva [Ripening of rice on Amur depending on irrigation methods]. Vladivostok: Dalgiz Publ.; 1933. 40 p. (In Russ).
  3. Neunylov BA. O risoseyanii na yuge Khabarovskogo kraya i Amurskoi oblasti. Pochvy risovykh polei Dal'nego Vostoka [Rice cultivation in the south of Khabarovsk Territory and Amur Region. Soils of rice fields in the Far East]. Vladivostok; 1980. 156 p. (In Russ).
  4. AgroMax. Not all rice is Primorsky. Press-sluzhba Primorskogo kraya. 2009, September: No. 2. (In Russ).
  5. Dospekhov BA. Planirovanie polevogo opyta i statisticheskaya obrabotka ego dannykh [Planning of field experiment and statistical processing of its data]. Moscow: Kolos Publ.; 1972. 207 p. (In Russ).
  6. Zaitseva VB, editor. Metodika gidromeliorativnykh issledovanii pri oroshenii risa [Technique of hydro-reclamation research in rice irrigation]. Krasnodar: VNII risa Publ.; 1977. 109 p. (In Russ).
  7. Kruzhilin IP, Melikhov VV, Ganiev MA, Bolotin AG. Tekhnologiya vozdelyvaniya malovodotrebovatel'nogo risa pri dozhdevanii v Nizhnem Povolzh'e. Rekomendatsii [Technology of cultivation of low-water-demand rice under sprinkling in Lower Volga Region. Recommendations].Volgograd; 2004. 24 p. (In Russ).
  8. Makannikova MV, Borovoi EP. Irrigation regime and water consumption of rice in the southern zone of the Amur Region. Izvestiya Nizhnevolzhskogo agrouniversitetskogo kompleksa: nauka i vysshee professional'noe obrazovanie. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov. 2013;29(1):91-95. (In Russ).
  9. Lapshakova LA, Makannikova MV. Assessment of rice yield under different irrigation regimes in the southern agricultural zone of the Amur Region.Vestnik KrasGAU. 2016;116(5):165-172. (In Russ).
  10. Makannikova MV, Lapshakova LA, Dontsov PA. Optimization of irrigation regimes of rice in conditions of the Middle Amur Region. Nauchnaya zhizn'. 2016;(5):69-76. (In Russ).

Copyright (c) 2018 Borovoy E.P., Makannikova M.V., Lapshakova L.A.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies