Non-destructive methods of diagnostics of nitrogen provision of plants by optoelectronic system of plants monitoring

Cover Page

Abstract


The article is devoted to solving actual scientific-technical and economic challenges - development of non-destructive method of diagnostics of the domestic varieties of plants, implemented by appropriate optoelectronic system. Substantiated general method [1] of the spectral analysis of the pigment composition of photosynthetic vegetation unit. Proved dependence of concentration of mineral substances in a plant from the pigment composition of photosynthetic vegetation unit. The character of the link between the nitrogen provision status of plants, depending of the spectral reflectance curves and of the value of the main vegetative index of the method - NDVI. Experimentally obtained the dependence of the spectral reflectance index of photosynthetic unit of vegetation from the concentrations of nitrogen fertilizers in the soil for selected plant species. During experimental studies confirmed the theoretical position on the possibility of using non-destructive optical methods for determining nitrogen provision of plants. To implement the proposed method is selected optoelectronic monitoring system according to the level of development of agricultural machinery.


About the authors

A V Vvedenskaya

Bauman Moscow State Technical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: anastasiya.vvedenskaya@gmail.com
2 Baumanskaya str., 5, Moscow, Russia, 105005

V V Vvedenskiy

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: vaval-ved@yandex.ru
Miklukho-Maklay Str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

M S Gins

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: anirr@bk.ru
Miklukho-Maklay Str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

A M Khorokhorov

Bauman Moscow State Technical University

Email: a.horohorov@yandex.ru
2 Baumanskaya str., 5, Moscow, Russia, 105005

References

  1. Merzlyak М.N., Gitelson А.А., Chivkunova О.B., Solovchenko А.H., Poghosyan S.I. Using reflectance spectroscopy to analyze the pigments of higher plants. Vegetable physiology. 2003. Vol. 50. No 5. P. 785—792.
  2. Afanasiev R.А., Sopov I.V., Galitsky V.V. Principles and methods of differentiated application of fertilizers using photometry. Fertility. 2008. No 6. P. 14—17.
  3. Belousova К.V. Photometric diagnosis of nitrogen nutrition of plants. Author. on dis. candidate tehn. sciences. Institute of Agrochemistry. D.N. Pryanishnikova RAAS, Moscow, 2009. P. 9—11.
  4. Cherepanov А.S., Druzhinin H.G. The spectral properties of vegetation and vegetative indices. Geomatics. 2009. No 3. P. 28—32.
  5. Sopov I.V. Effect of nitrogen fertilizer on plant performance diagnostics and productivity of crops and white mustard in a central area of the non-chernozem zone. Author. on dis. candidate tehn. sciences. Institute of Agrochemistry D.N. Pryanishnikova RAAS. Moscow, 2009. P. 15—17.
  6. Afanasiev R.А., Sopov I.V., Berezovsky H.V., Melnikov А.V., Sorokin А.V. Photometric diagnosis of nitrogen nutrition of crops. Materials All-Russia Conference “Environmental Agro-chemistry function in modern agriculture”. М.: VNIIA, 2008. P. 32—35.
  7. Budagovsky А.V., Budagovskya О.N., Lenz F. A new approach to the problem of functional diagnostics of plants. Agricultural science. 2009. No 9. P. 19—21.
  8. Yakushenkov Y.G. Theory and design of optoelectronic devices. М.: Logos, 2004. P. 201—203.
  9. Orlov А.G. Razrabotka i issledovanie aviatsionnogo giperspektrometra vidimogo i blizhnego IK diapazonov. Dis. Candidate. tehn. Sciences, Institute of Chemical Physics them. NN Semenov, RAS, 2008. P. 120—135.
  10. Zagrubsky А.А., Tsyganenko N.М., Chernova А.P. The manual "Fundamentals of optical measurement”. SPb.: Solo, 2007. P. 56—57.
  11. Internet resource: agricultural machinery AMAZONE. http://www.amazone.ru/6.asp 20.11.2016.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 1174

PDF (Russian) - 915

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2017 Введенская А.В., Введенский В.В., Гинс М.С., Хорохоров А.М.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies