Resource-saving techniques for increasing tomato productivity

Cover Page

Abstract


The purpose of the research was to substantiate feasibility and effectiveness of cultivating promising tomatoes varieties and hybrids in the Lower Volga region to obtain high-quality yields of 150 t/ha and more. It was the first time for chestnut soils, when comprehensive research on resource-saving techniques increasing vegetable crop productivity in an extremely arid climate under drip irrigation by regulating physiological and biological processes was conducted, and a system for applying these techniques was developed. The experiments were carried out according to generally accepted methods. The study revealed that in order to obtain the planned productivity of 110, 130, 150 t/ha in all the tomato varieties and a hybrid (Volgogradsky 5/95, Fokker F1 and Gerkules), differentiated irrigation regime was used. It resulted in yield increase up to 18.8 t/ha (when compared to planned 130 t/ha) and up to 10.2 t/ha (when compared to planned 150 t/ha) in the variants where Energiya-M growth regulator and Rastvorin water-soluble fertilizer were used with complete mineral fertilizer. Hercules tomato variety treated with N285P115K145 + Rastvorin + Energiya-M was the most economically viable for cultivation. According to the variants, a return on production costs of 6.87 rubles of income was achieved.


About the authors

Elena V Kalmykova

Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture

Author for correspondence.
Email: kalmykova.elena-1111@yandex.ru
Volgograd, Russian Federation

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Researcher, Department of Irrigation Reclamation, Laboratory for Modeling Irrigation Technologies

Aleksey A Novikov

Russian Research Institute of Irrigated Agriculture

Email: novikov@riagro.ru
Volgograd, Russian Federation

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences

Nikolay Yu Petrov

Volgograd State Agrarian University

Email: npetrov60@list.ru
Volgograd, Russian Federation

Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Professor, Department of Technology for Storage and Processing of Agricultural Raw Materials and Public Food

Olga V Kalmykova

Volgograd State Agrarian University

Email: lelya.kalm.90@mail.ru
Volgograd, Russian Federation

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Technology for Storage and Processing of Agricultural Raw Materials and Public Food

References

  1. Soldatenko AV, Razin AF, Pivovarov VF, Shatilov MV, Ivanova MI, Rossinskaya OV, Razin OA. Vegetables in the system of ensuring food security of Russia. Vegetable crops of Russia. 2019; (2): 9-15. (In Russ). doi: 10.18619/2072-9146-2019-2-9-15
  2. Enujeke EC, Emuh FN. Evaluation of some growth and yield indices of five varieties of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) in Asaba Area of Delta State, Nigeria. Global Journal of BioScience and Biotechnology. 2015; 4(1):21-26.
  3. Bolkunov AI. Chemical composition and nutritional value of onions. In: Prioritetnye napravleniya razvitiya sovremennoi nauki molodykh uchenykh agrariev: Conference proceeding. Solenoe Zaimishche: Caspian Research Institute of Arid Agriculture Publ.; 2016. p. 257-301. (In Russ).
  4. Gish RA, Gikalo GS. Ovoshchevodstvo yuga Rossii [Vegetable growing in the south of Russia]. Krasnodar: EDVI Publ.; 2012. (In Russ).
  5. Federal service of state statistics. Itogi Vserossiiskoi sel'skokhozyaistvennoi perepisi 2016 goda. Zemel'nye resursy i ikh ispol'zovanie [Results of the 2016 Russian Agricultural Census. Land resources and their use]. 3rd ed. Moscow: Statistika Rossii Publ.; 2018. (In Russ).
  6. Kalmykova EV, Pleskachev YN, Kalmykova OV, Zvolinsky VP. Influence of macroand microfertilizers for quality of tomato fruits. Proceedings of Nizhnevolzskiy agrouniversity complex: science and higher vocational education. 2019; (1):32-41. (In Russ). doi: 10.32786/20719485-2019-01-3
  7. Tyutyuma NV, Solodovnikov AP, Mukhortova TV, Kudryashova NI. Determination of the optimum mode of irrigation and the level of mineral nutrition of hybrids of tomatoes of Russian breeding in the conditions of the north of the Astrakhan region. The Agrarian scientific journal. 2017; (8):32-38. (In Russ).
  8. Petrov NY, Kalmykova EV, Ubushaeva SV, Batyrov VA. Influence of agrotechnic means on growth, development and productivity of tomato under the conditions of the Lower Volga region. Proceedings of Nizhnevolzskiy agrouniversity complex: science and higher vocational education. 2017;(2):118-125. (In Russ).
  9. Soldatenko AV, Pivovarov VF, Razin AF, Shatilov MV, Razin OA, Rossinskaya OV, Bashkirov OV. Problems of production of competitive vegetable products. Vegetable crops of Russia. 2019; (1):3-7. (In Russ). doi: 10.18619/2072-9146-2019-1-3-7
  10. Kurbanov SA, Magomedova DS, Dzhambulatova AZ. Tomatoes irrigation methods on meadow chestnut soils in the Republic of Dagestan. Scientific Life. 2019; (2):6-13. (In Russ).
  11. Chauhan SA, Patel NB, Mehta DR, Patel JB, Zalaishita M, Vaja AD. Effect of plant growth regulators on seed yield and its parameters of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L). International Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 2017; 9(8):3906-3909.
  12. Akand MH, Mazed HEMK, Islam MA, Pulok MAI, Chowdhury MHN, Moonmoon JF. Growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) as influenced by different level of gibberellic acid application. Int J of Appl Res. 2015; 1(3):71-74.
  13. Bairambekov SB, Korneva OG, Polyakova EV, Gulyaeva GV, Sokolov AS. Agricultural and chemical methods of weeds control in the vegetable crop rotation link. Ecology, Environment and Conservation. 2017; 23(3):1684-1690.
  14. Sokolov AS, Bayrambekov SB, Sokolova GF. Influence of soil dressing, fertilizers, herbicides upon pollution and yeilds of vegetable cultures in sawing turnover. Advances in current natural sciences. 2018; (8):78-84. (In Russ).
  15. Komarov VN, Kiseleva NN, Vorontsova AI. The use of technological methods of tomato cultivation under drip irrigation. In: Melioratsiya i problemy vosstanovleniya sel''skogo khozyaistva v Rossii: Conference proceeding. Moscow: Pryanishnikov Russian Research Institute of Agrochemistry Publ.; 2013. p. 163-166. (In Russ).
  16. Gaplaev MS. Development of vegetable growing in Chechen Republic: state and prospects. Potato and vegetables. 2015; (8):2. (In Russ).
  17. Gerszberg A, Katarzyna HK, Kowalczyk T, Kononowicz AK. Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in the service of biotechnology. Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult. 2015; 120(3):881-902. doi: 10.1007/s11240-014-0664-4
  18. Belik VF. (ed.) Metodika opytnogo dela v ovoshchevodstve i bakhchevodstve [Methodology of experimental work in vegetable and melon growing]. Moscow: Agropromizdat Publ.; 1992. (In Russ).
  19. Dospekhov BA. Metodika polevogo opyta [Methodology of field experience]. Moscow: Al'yans Publ.; 2011. (In Russ).
  20. Druzhkin AF, Lyashenko ZD, Panina MA. Osnovy nauchnykh issledovanii v agronomii. Chast' 2. [Fundamentals of scientific research in agronomy. Part 2]. Saratov: Biometriya Publ.; 2009. (In Russ).
  21. Terpelets VI, Slyusarev VN. Agrofizicheskie i agrokhimicheskie metody issledovaniya pochv [Agrophysical and agrochemical methods of soil research]. Krasnodar: KubSAU Publ.; 2016. (In Russ).
  22. Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology (Rosstandart). GOST 26107-84. Metody opredeleniya obshchego azota [Methods for determination of total nitrogen]. Moscow; 1984. (In Russ).
  23. Metodicheskie ukazaniya po opredeleniyu shchelochnogidrolizuemogo azota v pochve po metodu Kornfilda [Guidelines for determination of alkaline hydrolyzable nitrogen in soil by Kornfield method]. Moscow: Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR Publ.; 1985. (In Russ).
  24. Federal Agency for Technical Regulation and Metrology (Rosstandart). GOST 26205-91. Pochvy. Opredelenie podvizhnykh form fosfora i kaliya po metodu Machigina v modifikatsii TsINAO [The soil. Determination of mobile forms of phosphorus and potassium according to Machigin method in the modification of TsINAO]. Moscow; 1991. (In Russ).

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 745

PDF (Mlt) - 458

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2019 Kalmykova E.V., Novikov A.A., Petrov N.Y., Kalmykova O.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies