Influence of Bioactivesoil combined fertilizers on yield and quality of spring hard and soft wheat

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Abstract


The experimental data on effect of Bloom & Grow and Immune System fertilizers on growth, development, yield and grain quality of spring durum and soft wheat in light gray forest soils of the Chuvash Republic are presented. The results of two research years revealed that in plants treated with fertilizers, the growth period ‘seedling-ripening’ is reduced by 7-8 days, height of the treated soft wheat plants exceeded the control variant by 12.5 cm, length of the main spike - by 0.4 cm, number of grains per spike - by 6.1, and grain mass per spike - by 0.23 g. Plants of spring durum wheat treated with micronutrient fertilizers exceeded the control variant by 25.1 cm in plant height, length of the main spike, number of grains in it and grain weight significantly exceeded the control variant. The 1000 seed mass exceeded the control variant by 7.28 grams. The increase in the yield of spring soft wheat was 0.89 t/ha (26.3%), and durum wheat - 0.93 t/ha (28.6%). Application of Bloom & Grow and Immune System fertilizers led to an increase in gluten content in spring soft and durum wheat grains, and an improvement in gluten deformation rate to group 1 with the accumulation of minerals.


About the authors

Alexander Gennadievich Lozhkin

Chuvash State Agricultural Academy

Author for correspondence.
Email: lozhkin_tmvl@mail.ru
Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation

Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Agriculture, Plant Growing, Breeding and Seed Production

Petr Nikolaevich Malchikov

Tulaykov Samara Research Institute of Agriculture

Email: sagrs-mal@mail.ru
Bezenchuk, Russian Federation

Doctor of Agricultural Sciences, Head of the Laboratory for Selection of Spring Durum Wheat

Natalia Valeryevna Mardaryeva

Chuvash State Agricultural Academy

Email: volga480@yandex.ru
Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation

Head of the Department of Biotechnology and Agricultural Product Processing

Vyacheslav Vitalievich Sidorov

Chuvash State Agricultural Academy

Email: gossort-21@mail.ru
Cheboksary, Chuvash Republic, Russian Federation

Senior Lecturer, Department of Agriculture, Plant Growing, Breeding and Seed Production

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Copyright (c) 2020 Lozhkin A.G., Malchikov P.N., Mardaryeva N.V., Sidorov V.V.

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