No 1 (2016)

Articles
Creation of allo cytoplasmic wheat genotypes with high characteristics of gluten quality based on dna marker selection
Semenov O.G., Divashuk M.G., Haitembu Gerhard Shangeshapwako -., Tawfeek Ahmed Kaid Mohammed -.
Abstract
Based on the analysis of allelic composition of genes related to bread baking quality grains, created through individual selection program in dry conditions of 2010, from the hybrid populations of allo cytoplasmic wheat (T. aestivum L.) genotypes with valuable cytoplasm Triticum timopheevii L. and Secale cereale L., combined good indicators of gluten quality and drought tolerance.According to the results of PCR analysis of high molecular weight glutenin screening of eleven allo cytoplasmic genotypes, three lines (genotypes) showed special value: two lines with a T. timopheevii cytoplasm and one line with a Secale cereale L. cytoplasm, whose distinguishing features were the presence of both subunits, 5+10 (for locus Glu-D1), as well as subunit 2* (for locus Glu-A1), considered to be of good bread baking properties, which is an advantage in the selection of wheat grain quality. In accordance with the regulations “flour quality” (sedimentation method), these three genotypes fall under the "strong" gluten category, of which nine genotypes were selected for this indicator.The results of the analysis of high molecular weight glutenin allelic state of the hybrid populations of allo cytoplasmic genotypes, by PCR method enabled significantly accelerate the creation of promising lines (11 lines) in the process of target selection on the quality of gluten. Created lines are valuable as donors of important qualitative properties of the grain and used as ingredients in the creation of new nuclear-cytoplasmic hybrid combinations in the target selection of wheat grain quality. The 11 lines are included in the competitive (station) for the test and variety integration as well as for a comprehensive study in comparison with standard varieties of spring wheat.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2016;(1):7-14
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In vitro biotization
Yablonskaya M.I., Gins M.S., Molchanova M.A.
Abstract
In vitro coculture of plant tissue explants with beneficial microorganisms enhance their tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses. The induced resistance response caused by the inoculants is referred to as “biotization”. There is enough experimental evidence with bacteria (bacterization) and vesicular arbuscular mycorrhiza (mycorrhization) inoculations to recommend utilization of this technology in commercial micropropagation. Micropropagated plantlets usually exhibit high mortality rate upon their transfer to soil, so biotization technique can improve survival and is considered to be a perspective method in clonal micropropagation.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2016;(1):15-20
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Insurance of agricultural crops accounting the risks from emergency situations
Piyushchikov V.G., Kurganov A.A., Kovalev V.V.
Abstract
The article consider system of agricultural crops insurance taking into account the risks from emergency situations in the direction of a differentiated approach to defining insurance tariffs depending on the level of production riskiness. Damage reduction in agricultural production has been successfully implemented across the insurance industry, where the spatial and sectoral differentiation in insurance rates enables early and efficient distribution of insurance amounts to the prevention of damage. Differentiation in insurance rates depending on the risk of land use gives the chance to agricultural producers to increase significantly the volumes of insurance risks, and the insurance company to perform reinsurance activities aimed at forestalling a possible emergency situation.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2016;(1):21-33
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Perspective sources of natural dyes from vegetative raw material
Gins M.S., Platonova E.K., Platonova S.Y.
Abstract
One of the growing industrial purposes Fig Opuntia (lat. Opuntia ficus-indica L.) in Morocco is a natural dye. The antioxidant activity of the juices of prickly pear fruits has been evaluated, in vitro, by DPPH* test. A comparative analysis of the antioxidant activity of the culture: Peach prickly pear (Opuntia ficus indica L.), used in countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and which can be introduced in the arid regions of Russia, including the Republic of Crimea.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2016;(1):34-42
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Analisis of population structure of Polygonatum multiflorum L. in the “Bitsevsky forest” natural and historical park
Istomina I.I., Pavlova M.E., Terechin A.A.
Abstract
The authors of the article studied the structure of populations of Polygonatum multiflorum (L.) All., related to rare species and included in the Red book of Moscow and Moscow region. For the first time in Moscow in the Bitsevsky forest Park were identified and described stages of ontogenesis and age structure of population of this species, the peculiarities of the age structure population loci. The presence of all age States in population, which indicates the dynamic stability of this species in the studied community.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2016;(1):43-51
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Cytogenetical characteristic of muscovy duck (Cairina moschata L.)
Klenovitskiy P.M., Volkova L.A., Volkova N.A., Larionova P.V., Zinoveva N.A., Nikishov A.A.
Abstract
The technique of preparation bird’s chromosomes is given. The methodical ap-proaches to reception are stated and analysis chromosomes at birds. Is described kar-yotype of Cairina moschata L. Is given the densitometry characteristic of methacen-tric macrochromosomes of muscovy duck.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2016;(1):52-60
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Improving the control of salmonella in meat and meat products by PCR in real time and robotics for the separation matrix of DNA
Nityaga I.M., Ysha B.V., Morozova E.N., Khomenets N.G.
Abstract
Traditionally, the control of Salmonella in food products is carried out using classic methods of bacteriological analysis that are sufficiently long and labor-intensive. The authors have demonstrated the possibility of accelerating and automating the analysis and obtain reliable results by using an improved method for control of S. typhimurium in chicken meat and meat of semi-finished products (dumplings) by PCR in real time and robotics for the selection of the template DNA, as well as reducing the time of the sample preparation by growing bacteria in the environment of pre-enrichment medium.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2016;(1):61-65
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Effect of various factors for anabolic efficiency of honey
Dolgov V.A., Lavina S.A., Arno T.S., Semenova E.A., Nikitchenko D.V.
Abstract
As a result of research it is show the possibility of using biological evaluation of honey with ciliates Tetrahymena pyriformis to study the anabolic efficiency of honey and the impact on the quality indicator of various environmental factors that has both theoretical and practical importance.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2016;(1):66-71
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Training of veterinary specialists at PFUR
Plyuschikov V.G., Vatnikov Y.A., Nikitchenko V.E., Seregin I.G.
Abstract
The article sets out ways to improve the training of veterinary specialists and bachelors in veterinary medicine veterinary-sanitary examination to meet modern standards of agricultural and meat, fish products, dairy plants. We present new trends in teaching veterinary students with the transition from an informative to the methodological development of programs based on the forecast of the qualifying characteristics specialty industry, the professional training of specialists and civil morality on duty. Thus, greater use of elearning and online resources recommended.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2016;(1):72-77
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Our authors
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2016;(1):78-81
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