No 3 (2014)

Articles
On the correlation of pollen grain size and ploidy levels of genus Galium sect. platygalium
Schanzer I.A., Elkordy A.A.
Abstract
Pollen grain size of some species of Galium section Platygalium (Rubiaceae) have been studied in diploids (2 n = 2× = 22, in G. boreale , G. valantioides , G. broterianum ), tetraploids (2 n = 4× = 44, in G. boreale ), hexaploids (2n = 6× = 66, in G. boreale ) and in dodecaploid (2n = 12× = 132, in G. rubioides ), and many other species and specimens related to section Platygalium. Pollen grain size, for G. boreale diploide (P = 16.68 μm, E=15.76 μm), G. valantioides (P = 15.82 μm, E = 14.69 μm), G. broterianum (P = 15.94 μm, E = 14.97 μm); for G. boreale tetraploids (P = 17.15 μm, E = 17.21 μm); for G. boreale hexaploids (P = 18.83 μm, E = 18.80 μm) and (P = 20.87 μm, E = 21.63 μm) G. rubioides dodecaploid, was positively correlated with ploidy level. The results verify the expected correlation between mean pollen diameters and ploidy levels, and demonstrate that apparent di-, tetra-, hexa- octa-, deca-, dodeca- and possibly higher polyploidy occur among the species of sect. platygalium. Palynomorphological data revealed that in sect. Platygalium, pollen size can be directly associated with chromosome number and can also be used as an additional tool to establish evolutionary trends and taxonomic relationship among species.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):5-17
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Pharmacognostical study of fruits of Serratula coronata
Komissarova E.Y., Vandyshev V.V., Miroshnikova E.A., Terekhin A.A., Klimahyn G.I.
Abstract
The specific features of the morphological and anatomic common Serratula coronata fruits were examined. Oil content of fruits was determined, Analysis of triacylglyceride composition from oil of fruits was done with usage of NMR-spectroscopy.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):18-26
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Fomoznoe defeat potatoes
Kuzmichev A.A., Maltsev S.V., Zeyruk V.N.
Abstract
Drawn attention to the increasing danger and harmfulness phomosis disease of potatoes, potatoes with lesions which may reduce its yield by 30-50%. A description of the signs of the disease in the form of ulceration and necrosis on tubers and diffuse spots on the stems. Gives brief recommendations for the protection of potatoes from this disease. The scheme of development of potato planting and before landing, and the presence of infection pathogen phomosis.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):27-34
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Problems of restoration of fallow land in the forest zone of Russia
Semenov N.A., Shuravilin A.V., Somen Ange Erik -., Olivet A., Snitko A.N.
Abstract
Influence of the eight-year deposit plowed in the cespitose and podsolic loamy soil grassy (veynik) and wood and shrubby (birch, aspen, willow) biomass on productivity and losses of nutrients - nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium seyany cereal and bean and cereal by herbages during the first period of development of laylands was studied. It is established that in the first four years after a plowing of biomass decrease in productivity of cultivated forage herbs and consumption of elements of food of plants was noted. The shortage of forage for 4 years in comparison with an arable land (control) was (c/hectare dry basis): 16,1-at embedding of reed grass, 29,4 - of willows, 23,2 - of birches, 33,7 - of aspens on not fertilized background, and against NPK, respectively 24,7, 21,3, 15,2 and 3,6.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):35-41
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Histologic characteristic of the gastrointestinal tract of the hare hare
Nikitchenko V.E., Naumova E.I., Shubber Saleh Saheb Mosa -.
Abstract
Thus, it is possible to conclude that at a histologic structure of a gastrointestinal tract of hare hare has differ structures, especially in the blind gut, where the mucosa has a large folds structure with various distances among them, from 50 to 3000 microns.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):42-48
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The study of factors affecting the efficiency of somatic transgenesis in chickens
Prytkov Y.A., Vetokh A.N., Volkova N.A., Nikishov A.A., Zinovieva N.A.
Abstract
In this article we studied the impact of the use of retroviral vectors for genetic transformation of chicken oviduct cells in vivo to produce transgenic chickens bioreactors and investigated factors affecting the efficiency of local transgenesis in chickens. By using of retroviral vector system it was shown that with the efficiency of chickens oviduct cells transformation was at least 17,2 ± 3,1%.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):49-54
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Obstetric and gynecological clinical examination of breeding stock cattle
Sotnikov E.D., Vatnikov Y.A., Kulikov E.V.
Abstract
In the breeding farm has been conducted and obstetric and gynecological clinical examination of high-producing cows. As a result of measures taken to improve the food supply and balance rations of the nutrient in dry cows returned to normal metabolic rate, improve the function of organs of reproduction, decreased the number of obstetrical and gynecological pathology.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):55-62
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Biotesting feed, food and environment objects
Dolgov V.A., Lavina S.A., Kozak S.S., Nikitchenko D.V.
Abstract
There are discusse the possible aspects and examples of the application of the accelerated methods of biological evaluation of quality and safety of feed, food and various objects of the environment using of ciliates Tetrahymena pyriformis in the article.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):63-72
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Comparison of methods for identifying coliform and E. coli in poultry meat
Seryogin I.G., Mikhaleva L.P., Eremin G.E., Mihaliov P.V.
Abstract
The article presents information on the comparative evaluation of methods for detecting coliforms and E. coli in poultry meat using modern methods for detecting coliforms and E. coli , determined detection efficiency of microorganisms on different nutrient media both domestic and imported.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):73-78
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Procedure of assessment of damages done to agricultural commodity producers in Crimea Republic caused by out-of-time and out-of-volume water transportation in North-Crimea channel for agricultural farming irrigation
Pluyschikov V.G., Chekmarev P.A., Netesov A.A., Novikova S.V., Pospekov D.I.
Abstract
In the article it is presented developed by authors serial algorithm for preparation of basic documents for damages assessment, caused by out-of-time and out-of-volume water transportation for agricultural farming irrigation. Suggestions have been formulated about repayment for business entity in Crimea Republic. Step-by-step procedure is defined for announcement of emergency situation.
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):79-86
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Our authors
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries. 2014;(3):87-90
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